A Fire Hydrant System is emergency equipment or active firefighting equipment that provides a water source to the firefighter to extinguish the fire if a fire disaster occurs. Fire Hydrant System is a source of water supply that delivers water with adequate pressure and flow rate through a network of pipes, nozzles, and hydrants throughout the whole building for firefighting purposes. A fire hydrant system consists of a network of pipes connected directly to the main water supply source to provide water to every hydrant outlet during an emergency. Every Hydrant has one or more outlets to which a fire hose may be connected. The fire hydrant system helps out the firefighters in the process of fire suppression. Fire Hydrant System improves or enhances the capacity of firefighters to suppress the fire in the building where it is installed. The fire hydrant system is not only for firefighting purposes but also has other applications such as water transfer.
A fire hydrant system is used in different kinds of buildings to prevent fire to break out.
1. Commercial Buildings.
2. Large Warehouses.
3. Chemicals Industry.
4. Textile & Garment Industry.
5. Petrochemicals & Refineries.
6. Ceramics & Stone Processing.
7. Metal Processing.
8. Manufacturing Units.
Fire Fighter connects a fire hose to the hydrant and opens a valve. When the valve is opened the water comes out from the main water source. Water is discharged into the fire engine and then it is thrown over the fire. The minimum flow rate of the fire hydrant system is 950 liters from the hydrant per minute. In some cases, firefighters connect the hydrant system with other fire safety equipment such as a fire sprinkler system.